Bleed Zones

Lokacin da kafa your fayil akwai uku muhimmanci yankunan don tuna:

Gyara yanki: Wannan shi ne girman da datsa page size. Shi ne da size da cewa your gama littafi za a trimmed to, tsawo da kuma tsawon na page.
Jinni: Wannan shi ne yankin da kara Wuce da datsa line. Idan kana da wani bango, image ko wani zane da kashi cewa kana so ka yi jini kashe page, dole ne ka miƙa wannan ta 1/8 "(3 mm) bayan datsa alamomi.
Safe yanki: Ka rubutu kwalaye da kuma headings dauke a cikin hadari yankin, wanda kuma yake a wurin m 1/8 "(3 mm) a daga datsa yankin.

Firintar buga da kallafaffen shafukan a kan takardar, saboda haka yana da muhimmanci a kafa bleeds a kan duk 4 tarnaƙi na page.

 

launi Management

Don kyakkyawan sakamako da profiles bukatar da za a amfani da hotuna a Photoshop, ba a InDesign:
Lokacin da kake shirya image fayiloli a Photoshop, zaɓi daga Edit / Juyawa zuwa bayanin martaba kuma zabi daya daga cikin wadannan daga drop saukar da menu:
• Domin GRACoL , Adobe profile: rufi GRACoL 2006 (ISO 12647-2: 2004)
• Domin FOGRA mai rufi, Adobe profile: rufi FOGRA39 (ISO 12647-2: 2004)
• Domin FOGRA uncoated, Adobe profile: uncoated FOGRA47 (ISO 12647-2: 2004 )

 

Fayil Prep

Bitar da jagororin a cikin wannan sashe don taimaka shirya your fayiloli kamar yadda suka fade su. Wannan zai taimaka wajen kauce wa kurakurai a lokacin preflight. Idan ba ka tabbatar da cewa ka fayilolin kafa daidai tuntuɓi afaretan tallace-tallace zartarwa domin shawara.

 

m Files

Aikace-aikace Files kar:
• Adobe InDesign
• Adobe mai zane (Ba dace da ciki layout. Don Allah takura zuwa layi art da kuma guda page takardu, kamar tambura, jackets, da dai sauransu)
• Print shirye PDFs halitta daga aikace-aikace fayiloli da aka jera a sama

 

Font Guide Lines

Mun bada shawara cewa kayi amfani da PostScript, OpenType ko TrueType fonts. Wasu fonts samun gurbace a lokacin watsa, kamar kona a kan DVD ko loda via FTP. Muna bada shawara compressing fonts kafin mika su.

Kada haifar fonts da cewa ba su da wani m printer font. Alal misali, a cikin layout shirin za ka iya zaɓi "Helvetica" sai kuma ka danna wani "Bold" style saboda akwai wani daidai "Helvetica Bold" printer font. Amma idan ka zaɓi "Futura Tã" sa'an nan tambaya a "Bold" style ga shi ba za ka samu wani bolder version of cewa font domin babu daidai printer font.

Mun bada shawara cewa ka zaɓi da font kana so kai tsaye a cikin font menu maimakon zabi tushe font da ake ji a style. Tare da manyan fonts dake dauke da mutane da yawa masu nauyi da karshen dabara iya yin your sakamakon unpredictable.

Lokacin da kafa your font launi, don Allah ci gaba da wadannan jagororin a hankali:
8 pt. a 100% na m launi.
12 pt. a 60% zuwa 80% na launi
16 pt. a CMYK launi. Karami CMYK font zai buga tare da jagged gefuna da kuma bayyana mai hazo (ko kashe littãfi) saboda dige ana buga a matsayin allo.

 

garkuwa

Yi garkuwa da aka mikawa mai hoto ko image da 0.25pt kauce wa duk wani fari Halo ko rata a kusa da image ko hoto. Kullum aiwatar launuka ba bukatar da za a kama a tarko, ko da yake akwai wasu ware. InDesign ya saitaccen tarko saituna, kullum ba ka bukatar ka damu game da garkuwa da.

Ya kamata ka sani na yi garkuwa da lokacin da kake yin karan fitar da wani hoton ko zane kashi daga wani m bango. Akwai hanyoyi biyu don kauce wa fari Halo, ko abin da ya bayyana su zama misregistration, ta wurin amfani da daidai yi garkuwa ko ta overprinting. Overprinting bada shawarar ga rubutu ko bakin ciki graphics, ko Lines, amma ka tuna cewa overprinting zai ƙara sanya launi daga cikin abu to tamkar launi da kuma iya shafar abu launi.

Misali:
Idan kana da kore rubutu (c: 95, m: 0, y: 80, k: 0) yana zaune a kan wani blue (c: 95, m: 20, y: 10, k: 0) bango, ba ka aikata ba bukatar tarko saboda m Cyan bango AND idan rubutu ne 16 pt. ko karami ya kamata ka saita rubutu zuwa OVERPRINT.

 

Image kafa Up

Hi shawara image fayiloli kamata ko da yaushe a sallama kamar yadda TIFF, PSD, {ungiyar AI, ko EPS fayiloli. A mafi muhimmanci factor a cikin ingancin haifuwa ne karshe file size. All image fayiloli ya zama 300 DPI (dige da inch) da kuma line art ya zama 1200 DPI a karshe size.
A manyan image leka a 150 DPI ne aikin gyararriyar zuwa wani image rabin cewa size cewa an leka a 300 DPI. Dukansu za su haifar da wani fayil da cewa shi ne wajen guda size.

Lokacin da kake shirya image fayiloli da ka bukatar zuwa kama da hakkin adadin bayanai. Idan ka fayiloli ne ma kananan suka bayyana blurry ko pixelated. Idan sun kasance ma manyan suka sa imagesetter aikin da wuya ko iya nuna wani Postscript kuskure.

Images kasa da 300 DPI (ko 1200 DPI for line art) zai sa wani kuskure a lokacin da preflight tsari. All hi-shawara images bukatar da za a kafa a matsayin CMYK, kuma ba fiye da + 15% ko -15% na haifuwa size. Artwork sauke daga wani web site ne yawanci ma low-ƙuduri na buga haifuwa. Kauce wa yin amfani Lines cikin kayan zane masu thinner fiye da .5 batu.

All images kamata a sallama kamar yadda CMYK, ba RGB format. All launi ya kamata a retouched da kuma launi gyara a Photoshop kafin hotunan ana shigo da cikin InDesign.

 

Bitmapped Images

Raster ko bitmap images suna kunshe ne a cikin nau'i na kananan murabba'ai a tashar wutar lantarki kamar abin kwaikwaya, da aka sani da pixels, to wakiltar graphics. Kowane pixel a bitmap image yana da wani takamaiman wuri da kuma launi darajar sanya shi. Mafi na kowa nau'in fayil ne TIFF, EPS ko Photoshop PSD fayiloli.

Lokacin da shirya m fayiloli for buga haifuwa ya kamata ka kusan ko da yaushe nuna TIFF images ko PSD fayiloli. TIFF fayiloli ne fiye da na kowa, kuma suna da wani bude format, wanda ke nufin za su iya a yi amfani a cikin InDesign ko Quark. PSD fayiloli iya kawai a yi amfani a cikin Adobe Photoshop shirin.

Wani kowa image fayil mai JPEG. Da farko yi amfani da hotunan, JPEG ne daya daga cikin biyu kowa fayil Formats amfani a kan yanar gizo. Yana da wani matsa format haka bayanin da aka rasa a lokacin matsawa. Idan kana da wani JPEG fayil da kake son amfani da a buga, bude shi a Photoshop kuma zaɓi: Image-> Mode-> CMYK Color (ko tsarkiya).

Shi ne ok to resample daga babban image to karami daya. Photoshop kawai jefa fitar da karin pixels da kuma hoto zai bayyana karami da kuma kowane bit kamar yadda kaifi kamar yadda ya kafin.

Shi ne TAbA mai kyau ra'ayin to upsample daga wani karamin image to ya fi girma daya. A wannan halin da ake ciki, Photoshop ƙara pixels ga image. A shirin sanya launi zuwa wadannan sabon pixels dangane da launi na makwabta pixels. Wannan na iya haifar da wani image cewa shi ne blurrier fiye da asali, kamar yadda aka nuna a dama.

Ba mi GIF image fayiloli for buga samar.

 

Black and White Images

Dangane da aikin, za ka iya kafa your images kamar yadda 1 launi baki da fari, duotones, ko 4 launi CMYK images.

1 launi baki da fari image aka kafa kullum ta amfani da tsari baki. Jerin ayyukan da inuwõyinsu suna kafa a tsarkiya.

2 launi baki da fari image an kafa ta amfani da tsari baki da kuma a PMS launi. A PMS launi za a iya amfani don amfani mai sepia launi ko PMS m don ƙirƙirar ƙarin cikakkun bayanai a cikin grayscalefrom karin bayanai zuwa inuwa.

4 launi baki da fari aka halitta ta amfani da CMYK da kuma samar da mafi daki-daki, daga karin bayanai zuwa inuwa. 4 launi baki da fari images bukatar wani sosai m balance. Lokacin da kafa your fayiloli, dole ka tabbatar da cewa akwai ba wani launi jefa a cikin hotuna. Dole ne ka kawar da simintin gyara a Photoshop kafin image aka shigo da zuwa InDesign.

 

vector zanuka

Fitarwa duk vector hoto fayiloli a matsayin EPS ko AI (mai zane). Tabbata a dace da launi sunayen a wadannan fayiloli zuwa sunayen da wannan launuka a cikin layout software.

Wasu versions na Adobe mai zane ba ka damar tada ko runtse Adobe mai zane ta tsoho fitarwa ƙuduri. Kada daidaita wannan saitin. Ragewan da ƙuduri zai haifar da talauci kafa hanyoyi. Kiwon shi zai ba dole ba kurakurai a lokacin preflight.

Ajiye line art fayiloli a matsayin bitmapped images. Idan ka ajiye su tsarkiya, da gefuna iya fitarwa da halftone allo yin su bayyana blurry ko jagged.

 

Amfani Black Ink daskararru

Idan wani babban yanki na m baki za a tsallaka da sauran gina tints, zai zama akwai bambanci a tsakanin yawa da yankunan kan launi da kuma waɗanda suke ba su kan launi. The bayani ne don gina wata "m baki" tint mix kamar haka:

Cyan = 30%
Magenta = 30%
Yellow = 10%
Black = 100%

Amfani da wannan arziki baki zai kauce wa duk wani fili yawa saɓani a cikin baki daskararru. Shi ne kuma mai kyau dabara domin samar da wani m, uniform m baki, har a lokacin da shi ba za a tsallaka wasu launuka.

Sauran baki abubuwa kamar dokoki, irin, da kuma na bakin ciki hoto abubuwa da ya kamata a yi sama da 100% baki da kafa zuwa overprint.

Ka yi la'akari da kara varnish a shafukan da cewa su ne m duhu launi fuskantar fari page su hana kafa kashe.

 

Sakewa Your Project

Kafin mika your fayiloli, don Allah amfani da Preflight umurnin a InDesign duba fayilolin.

Don Allah sun hada da:
• kawai images cewa an yi amfani da layout. Tabbatar da sunaye da wurare na nasaba fayiloli ba su canja bayan ka tattara ku fayiloli.
• Duk bitmapped hotuna ya kamata a kalla 300 DPI, da kuma duk vector line art fayiloli ya kamata a kalla 1200 DPI
TIFF da EPS  fayiloli ya zama CMYK, ba RGB. All images kamar yadda TIFF, da kuma duk vector line art kamar yadda EPS.
• Hada dukan  fonts  amfani, tare da su daidai printer fonts, ko idan font ne fiye da amfani.
• Kawar duk sauran launuka. InDesign ta launi palette yana da wani "Select All sauran" zaɓi cewa zai taimake ka ka gano wuri da kuma share wadannan swatches.
• Tabbatar kowane launi yana da suna ɗaya kaɗai.
• rage wuya da graphics don amfani da ƙaramar yawan matakai a wani saje, ko da karami yawan maki a kan hanya.
• Tabbatar Photoshop takardun kada hada da sauran ko boye yadudduka. In ba haka ba, Ripping kurakurai iya faruwa da kuma boye yadudduka iya fitarwa da kuma haifar da m sakamakon.
• Kawar sauran abubuwa a kan pasteboard ko abubuwa da cewa an boye su gaba daya da sauran abubuwa.
• Duk shafukan kamata da trims da  bleeds  (bleeds ya mika 3mm ko 1/4 "bayan da datsa a kan duk 4 bangarorin).
• Hada low shawara PDFs for jeri da / ko Laser firin awut. Rubuta page lambobin a kan lasers idan folios ba a buga ko low shawara PDFs for jeri.
• A hada da raba aikace-aikace ko PDF fayiloli ga rubutu da kuma rufe, idan akwai wani gyara (endpapers, dauri, da dai sauransu)
• Color shiriya, idan kana samar da.

Za ka iya sallama your fayiloli via wetransfer, Hightail ko wasu online fayil sharing shirin, ko šaukuwa drive (tabbatar da su sun hada da na USB zuwa haɗi zuwa kwamfuta). Sallama InDesing ko hi-shawara buga shirye PDFs da datsa alamomi da kuma bleeds hada.

Domin ƙarin bayani a kan yadda za a kafa PDFs, don Allah ziyarci Adobe taimako site:  https://helpx.adobe.com/indesign/how-to/indesign-create-pdf-for-print.html?set=indesign-get -started-da muhimmanci-sabon shiga




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