ntshav ciaj ciam

Thaum teem tau koj cov ntaub ntawv muaj peb qho tseem ceeb thaj chaw kom nyob rau hauv lub siab:

Trim cheeb tsam: Qhov no yog qhov loj ntawm lub trim page loj. Nws yog qhov luaj li cas tias koj tas phau ntawv yuav tsum trimmed mus, qhov siab thiab ntev ntawm cov nplooj ntawv.
Ntshav: Qhov no yog cov cheeb tsam uas extends KEV lub trim kab. Yog hais tias koj muaj ib tug tom qab, duab los yog tej kev tsim lub caij uas koj xav kom los ntshav tawm cov nplooj ntawv, koj yuav tsum cuag qhov no los ntawm 1/8 "(3 hli) tshaj cov trim tias.
Muaj kev nyab xeeb cheeb tsam: Khaws text thawv thiab cov hau lus uas muaj nyob rau hauv lub ruaj ntseg cheeb tsam, uas yog nyob rau yam tsawg kawg nkaus 1/8 "(3 hli) nyob rau hauv los ntawm cov trim cheeb tsam.

Cov tshuab luam ntawv teev txog lub yuam nplooj ntawv rau ntawm daim ntawv, yog li ntawd nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau teem lub qhov nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov 4 sab ntawm cov nplooj ntawv.

 

Xim Management

Tau zoo tshaj plaws cov profiles yuav tsum tau ua ntawv thov rau cov dluab nyob rau hauv Photoshop, tsis nyob rau hauv InDesign:
Thaum npaj koj cov ntaub ntawv duab nyob rau hauv Photoshop, xaiv los ntawm cov kho kom raug neeg / Hloov mus Profile thiab xaiv ib yam ntawm cov nram qab no los ntawm txoj kev nco cia zaub mov:
• Rau GRACoL , Tsev av profile: coated GRACoL 2006 (ISO 12647-2: 2004)
• Rau FOGRA coated, Tsev av profile: coated FOGRA39 (ISO 12647-2: 2004)
• Rau FOGRA uncoated, Tsev av profile: uncoated FOGRA47 (ISO 12647-2: 2004 )

 

ntaub ntawv Prep

Saib xyuas cov kev cai nyob rau hauv nqe lus no los pab koj npaj koj cov ntaub ntawv raws li meej li sai tau. Qhov no yuav pab tau kom tsis txhob raug thaum lub sij hawm preflight. Yog hais tias koj tsis paub tseeb tias koj cov ntaub ntawv yog teem kom thov hu rau koj muag khoom executive rau tswv yim.

 

Cov ntaub ntawv

Daim ntawv thov ntaub ntawv txais:
• Tsev av InDesign
• Tsev av tuav (Tsis haum rau cov sab hauv layout. Thov txwv tsis pub kab kos duab thiab ib phab ntaub ntawv, xws li cov cim, tsho loj, thiab lwm yam)
• Sau npaj PDFs tsim los ntawm daim ntawv thov cov ntaub ntawv teev tseg saum toj no

 

Font Guide Kab

Peb pom zoo kom hais tias koj siv PostScript, OpenType los yog TrueType fonts. Ib txhia fonts tau corrupted thaum lub sij hawm kis tau tus mob, xws li kub rau DVD los yog uploading ntawm FTP. Peb pom zoo kom compressing fonts ua ntej yuav xa lawv.

Tsis txhob tsim fonts uas tsis muaj ib tug coj lub tshuab luam ntawv font. Piv txwv li, nyob rau hauv koj qhov layout kev pab cuam koj yuav xaiv tau "Helvetica" thiab ces nias ib tug "Bold" style vim hais tias muaj yog ib tug coj "Helvetica Bold" lub tshuab luam ntawv font. Tab sis yog tias koj xaiv "Futura Heavy" thiab ces thov ib tug "Bold" style rau nws koj yuav tsis tau txais ib tug bolder version ntawm cov uas font vim hais tias muaj yog tsis muaj coj tshuab luam ntawv font.

Peb pom zoo kom hais tias koj xaiv qhov font koj xav ncaj qha nyob rau hauv lub koos pis ntawv qhia zaub mov es tsis xaiv puag font thiab thov ib tug style. Nrog loj fonts uas muaj ntau tes taw hnyav li tus tom kawg cov txheej txheem yuav ua rau koj tau unpredictable.

Thaum teem tau koj font xim, thov kom cov lus qhia no lub siab:
8 pt. nyob rau ntawm 100% ntawm cov khoom xim.
12 pt. ntawm 60% mus rau 80% ntawm cov xim
16 pt. ntawm CMYK xim. Me CMYK font yuav sau nrog jagged sawv thiab tshwm sim fuzzy (los yog tawm register) vim hais tias cov dots luam raws li kev tshuaj ntsuam.

 

cuab tsiaj

Ntaiv yog txuas rau ib tug duab los yog duab los ntawm 0.25pt kom tsis txhob muaj dawb halo los yog kis nyob ib ncig ntawm cov duab los yog cov duab. Feem ntau cov txheej txheem xim tsis yuav tsum tau daig, txawm hais tias muaj yog ib co kev zam. InDesign tau preset cuab nqis, feem ntau koj tsis tas yuav txhawj txog cuab.

Koj yuav tsum tau paub txog cuab thaum koj khob tawm ib tug duab los yog tsim caij los ntawm ib tug khoom qab. Muaj ob txoj kev uas kom tsis txhob muaj cov dawb halo, los yog dab tsi zoo li yuav misregistration, uas tso npe thov qhov tseeb trapping los yog los ntawm overprinting. Overprinting yog pom zoo rau cov ntawv nyeem los yog nyias graphics los yog kab, tab sis nco ntsoov hais tias overprinting yuav ntxiv muab xim ntawm cov kwv mus rau lwm cov xim thiab tej zaum yuav cuam tshuam rau tus kwv xim.

Piv txwv li:
Yog hais tias koj muaj ntsuab ntawv (c: 95, m: 0, y: 80, k: 0) zaum ntawm ib cov kob xiav (c: 95, m: 20, y: 10, k: 0) tom qab, koj ua tsis tau yuav tsum cuab vim hais tias ntawm cov khoom cyan tom qab THIAB cov ntawv nyeem yog 16 pt. los yog me me koj yuav tau teem cov ntawv nyeem los OVERPRINT.

 

Duab muab Up

Nyob zoo res duab cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsum tau xa raws li TIFF, PSD, AI los yog Eps cov ntaub ntawv. Cov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv ib tug zoo tu tub tu kiv yog tus kawg ntaub ntawv loj. Tag nrho cov ntaub ntawv duab yuav tsum 300 DPI (dots ib nti) thiab kab kos duab yuav tsum 1200 DPI ntawm zaum kawg loj.
Ib tug duab loj loj luam ntawm 150 DPI yog feem sib npaug rau ib tug duab ib nrab uas loj uas yog luam ntawm 300 DPI. Ob leeg yuav ua nyob rau hauv ib cov ntaub ntawv uas yog roughly loj tib yam.

Thaum npaj rau koj cov duab cov ntaub ntawv koj yuav tsum ntes tus cai nqi ntawm cov ntaub ntawv. Yog hais tias koj cov ntaub ntawv yog heev me me lawv tshwm sim zim zuag los yog pixelated. Yog hais tias lawv yog ib yam nkaus thiab loj lawv ua tau cov imagesetter ua hauj lwm nyuaj heev los yog yuav ua ib tug PostScript kev ua yuam kev.

Dluab tsawg tshaj 300 DPI (los yog 1200 DPI rau kab kos duab) yuav ua ib qho yuam kev thaum lub sij hawm preflight txheej txheem. Tag nrho hi-res dluab yuav tsum tau teem raws li CMYK, thiab tsis ntau tshaj + 15% los yog -15% ntawm cov tu tub tu kiv loj. Artwork downloaded ntawm ib lub web site yog feem ntau heev uas tsis muaj-resolution luam tu tub tu kiv. Tsis txhob siv kab tsis pub dhau artwork uas yog thinner tshaj .5 point.

Tag nrho cov dluab yuav tsum tau xa raws li CMYK, tsis RGB hom. Tag nrho cov xim yuav tsum tau retouched thiab xim kho nyob rau hauv Photoshop ua ntej rau cov dluab raug mas mus InDesign.

 

Bitmapped duab

Raster los yog bitmap dluab yog muaj nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm cov me me squares nyob rau hauv daim phiaj li txawv, lub npe hu ua pixels, los sawv cev rau graphics. Txhua pixel nyob rau hauv ib tug bitmap duab muaj ib qhov chaw thiab xim tus nqi rau nws. Feem ntau cov ntaub ntawv hom yog TIFF, EPS los yog Photoshop PSD cov ntaub ntawv.

Thaum npaj duab cov ntaub ntawv luam tu tub tu kiv koj yuav tsum yuav luag ib txwm ua TIFF dluab los yog PSD cov ntaub ntawv. TIFF cov ntaub ntawv muaj ntau heev, thiab yog ib tug qhib hom ntawv, uas txhais tau tias lawv muaj peev xwm yuav siv tau nyob rau hauv InDesign los yog Quark. PSD cov ntaub ntawv tsuas yog siv nyob rau hauv tsev av Photoshop kev pab cuam.

Lwm ntau duab cov ntaub ntawv yog ib tug JPEG. Feem ntau siv rau cov duab, JPEG yog ib tug ntawm ob qho ntaub ntawv tawm tswv siv nyob rau hauv lub Web site. Nws yog ib tug compressed hom li cov ntaub ntawv poob thaum lub sij hawm compression. Yog hais tias koj muaj ib tug JPEG cov ntaub ntawv koj xav mus siv nyob rau hauv sau, qhib nws nyob rau hauv Photoshop thiab xaiv: Image-> Mode-> CMYK Xim (los yog Grayscale).

Nws yog ok rau resample los ntawm ib tug duab loj loj rau ib tug me ib. Photoshop tsuas cuam tawm ntxiv pixels thiab ib cov duab yuav tshwm sim me me thiab txhua txhua me ntsis raws li ntse raws li nws tau ua ntej.

Nws yog TSIS TXHOB ZOO IDEA rau upsample los ntawm ib tug me me duab rau ib tug loj ib tug. Nyob rau hauv no qhov teeb meem, Photoshop ntxiv pixels rau cov duab. Qhov kev pab cuam assigns xim rau cov tshiab pixels raws li nyob rau hauv cov xim ntawm neighboring pixels. Qhov no tej zaum yuav raug nyob rau hauv ib tug duab uas yog blurrier tshaj tus thawj, raws li qhia mus rau sab xis.

Tsis txhob xa daim ntawv GIF cov ntaub ntawv duab rau sau ntau lawm.

 

Xim dub thiab dawb cov duab

Nyob ntawm seb koj qhov project, koj yuav teev koj cov dluab raws li 1 xim dub thiab dawb, duotones, los yog 4 xim CMYK dluab.

1 xim dub thiab dawb cov duab yog teem feem ntau siv txheej txheem dub. Highlights thiab ntxoov ntxoo yog teem nyob rau hauv grayscale.

2 xim dub thiab dawb cov duab yog muab mus siv txheej txheem dub thiab ib tug PMS xim. Lub PMS xim yuav siv tau mus thov ib tug sepia xim los yog PMS gray mus ua kom tau cov ntsiab lus nyob rau hauv lub grayscalefrom highlights rau ntxoov ntxoo.

4 cov xim dub thiab dawb yog tsim siv CMYK thiab muab cov feem ntau nthuav dav ntawm highlights rau ntxoov ntxoo. 4 cov xim dub thiab dawb dluab yuav tsum tau ib tug heev me tshuav nyiaj li cas. Thaum teem tau koj cov ntaub ntawv, koj yuav tsum ua kom paub tseeb tias tsis muaj ib cov xim nrum nyob rau hauv koj cov dluab. Koj yuav tsum tshem tawm cov cam khwb cia nyob rau hauv Photoshop ua ntej daim duab yog mas mus InDesign.

 

Vector Illustrations

Tso zis tag nrho cov vector illustration ntaub ntawv raws li EPS los yog cov kabmob AI (tuav). Nco ntsoov kom phim cov xim npe nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no mus rau lub npe ntawm cov tib xim nyob rau hauv lub layout software.

Ib txhia versions ntawm tsev av tuav cia koj mus tsa los yog txo tsev av tuav lub neej ntawd tso zis daws teeb meem. Tsis txhob kho qhov no. Tej kev daws teeb meem yuav tshwm sim nyob rau hauv tsis zoo tsim paths. Raising nws tej zaum yuav muab ruaj uas tsis thaum lub sij hawm preflight.

Txuag kab kos duab cov ntaub ntawv raws li bitmapped dluab. Yog hais tias koj txuag lawv grayscale, cov npoo yuav tso zis nrog ib tug Halftone screen ua rau lawv tshwm sim zim zuag los yog jagged.

 

Siv Dub Ink Khoom tawv

Yog hais tias ib tug loj cheeb tsam ntawm khoom dub yuav hla lwm ua tints, yuav muaj ib tug txawv nyob rau hauv ceev ntawm qhov chaw tshaj cov xim thiab cov neeg uas yuav tsis hla xim. Cov tshuaj yog los tsim kom tau ib tug "nplua nuj dub" zas mix raws li nram no:

Cyan = 30%
Magenta = 30%
Daj = 10%
Dub = 100%

Siv cov nplua nuj dub yuav tsis txhob muaj cuab ceev variations nyob rau hauv dub khib nyiab. Nws kuj yog ib tug zoo qauv ua ib tug ntom, niaj hnub khoom dub, txawm tias thaum nws yuav tsis tau hla lwm yam xim.

Lwm yam dub hais xws li kev cai, hom, thiab nyias kev hais yuav tsum tau ua los ntawm cov 100% dub thiab teem caij rau overprint.

Xav txog ntxiv cov kua roj vanish rau cov nplooj ntawv uas yog khoom tsaus xim tig ntsia ib tug dawb page Yuav kom tiv thaiv teem tawm.

 

Tso Koj Project

Ua ntej xa koj cov ntaub ntawv, thov siv cov Preflight hais kom ua nyob rau hauv InDesign mus xyuas koj cov ntaub ntawv.

Thov muaj xws li:
• Tsuas dluab uas yog siv nyob rau hauv lub layout. Xyuas kom tseeb tias lub npe thiab qhov chaw ntawm cov ntaub ntawv txuas tsis hloov tom qab koj sau koj cov ntaub ntawv.
• Tag nrho cov bitmapped duab ntau thiab tsawg pab yuav tsum tau muaj yam tsawg 300 DPI, thiab tag nrho cov vector kab kos duab cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsum muaj tsawg kawg yog 1200 DPI
TIFF thiab Eps  cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsum tau CMYK, tsis RGB. Tag nrho cov dluab raws li TIFF, thiab tag nrho cov vector kab kos duab raws li EPS.
• Suav tag nrho cov  fonts  siv, nrog rau lawv cov coj lub tshuab luam ntawv fonts, txawm yog hais tias tus font yog kheev siv.
• Tshem tawm tag nrho tsis siv cov xim. InDesign lub xim palette muaj ib tug "Xaiv Tag nrho Tsis Siv" kev xaiv uas yuav pab tau koj mus nrhiav thiab rho tawm cov swatches.
• Xyuas kom tseeb tias txhua lub xim muaj tsuas yog ib lub npe.
• piv cov graphics siv qhov tsawg kawg nkaus naj npawb ntawm cov kauj ruam nyob rau hauv ib tug sib tov los yog qhov tsawg tshaj plaws cov ntsiab lus rau ib tug txoj kev.
• Xyuas kom tseeb tias Photoshop cov ntaub ntawv tsis muaj xws li tsis siv los yog muab zais khaubncaws sab nraud povtseg. Txwv tsis pub, ripping uas tsis yuav tshwm sim thiab cov muab zais khaubncaws sab nraud povtseg yuav tso zis thiab tsim kev npaj txhij txog tau.
• Tshem tawm lawv tej qub ntsiab rau lub pasteboard los yog hais tias yog kiag li muab zais los lwm yam khoom.
• Tag nrho cov nplooj ntawv yuav tsum tau muaj trims thiab  lub qhov  (lub qhov yuav tsum tau cuag 3 hli los yog 1/4 "tshaj lub trim rau tag nrho cov 4 sab).
• Muaj tsawg res PDFs rau qhov kev tso kawm thiab / los yog laser printout. Sau nplooj xov tooj nyob rau hauv lasers yog hais tias tus folios tsis sau los yog tsis muaj res PDFs rau qhov kev tso kawm.
• Muaj daim ntawv thov los yog PDF ntaub ntawv rau cov ntawv nyeem thiab cover, cov ntaub ntawv muaj lwm yam Cheebtsam (endpapers, losis tswvyim dabtsi, thiab lwm yam)
• Xim kev taw qhia, yog hais tias koj muab.

Koj muaj peev xwm xa koj cov ntaub ntawv ntawm wetransfer, Hightail los yog lwm yam hauv internet cov ntaub ntawv sib pab cuam, los yog portable tsav (kom paub tseeb tias yuav muaj xws li cov cable mus txuas rau computer). Xa InDesing los yog hi-res sau npaj PDFs nrog trim qhab nia thiab lub qhov muaj.

Ntxiv cov ntsiab lus nyob rau hauv yuav ua li cas teem PDFs, thov mus xyuas lub tsev av pab site:  https://helpx.adobe.com/indesign/how-to/indesign-create-pdf-for-print.html?set=indesign-get -started-qhov tseem ceeb-beginners




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